Some thoughts on porosity reduction: rock mechanics, overpressure and fluid flow

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    9 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    A currently popular paradigm, that porosity reduction occurs as a direct consequence of the effective stress acting on the rock framework grains, is mechanistically incorrect. The commonly observed covariance between porosity and effective stress does not reflect a cause-and-effect relationship. Instead, it arises because both low effective stress and slow porosity reduction are consequences of the inability of compacting rocks to expel their pore fluids quickly enough to maintain normal fluid pressures. The process of porosity loss is here divided into sequential steps, and we argue that the expulsion of pore fluids is the rate-determining step leading to overpressuring. Thus, Darcy’s law assumes equal importance with the relationships describing the mechanical compaction of sediments. In this paper we describe how compaction can be treated as a Coulomb-plastic response that is functionally dependent on effective mean stress, deviatoric stress, and the state of compaction. In the next generation of basin models, a mechanistically correct approach is needed, combining both rock mechanics and hydrogeology.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationBasin modelling
    Subtitle of host publicationpractice and progress
    EditorsS J Duppenbecker, J E Iliffe
    Place of PublicationLondon
    PublisherGeological Society of London
    Pages73-81
    Number of pages9
    ISBN (Print)1862390088
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Sep 1998

    Publication series

    NameGeological Society special publication
    PublisherGeological Society of London
    Volume141
    ISSN (Print)0305-8719
    ISSN (Electronic)2041-4927

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    Waples, D. W., & Couples, G. D. (1998). Some thoughts on porosity reduction: rock mechanics, overpressure and fluid flow. In S. J. Duppenbecker, & J. E. Iliffe (Eds.), Basin modelling: practice and progress (pp. 73-81). (Geological Society special publication; Vol. 141). Geological Society of London. https://doi.org/10.1144/GSL.SP.1998.141.01.04