Solventless processing of conjugated polymers - a review

Lucia Brandao, Julio Viana, David G. Bucknall, Gabriel Bernardo

Research output: Contribution to journalLiterature review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The molecular mobility of polymers in their solid or molten states allows their processing without the need for toxic, "non-friendly" solvents. In this work, the main features of solvent-free processing methods applied to conjugated polymers are reviewed taking into consideration that these materials are largely used in a broad range of (opto-)electronic applications, including organic field-effect transistors, polymer light-emitting diodes and polymer photovoltaic devices. This review addresses the main advantages of processing such materials in their solid state offering an alternative fabrication scheme for several opto-electronic devices. Moreover, the properties of polymer-based opto-electronic devices are largely dependent on the conformations and orientations of polymer molecules in the corresponding polymer thin film layers; especially the ordering of conjugated polymer molecules in the active layer has been a topic of intense research in organic electronics. Therefore, this review also highlights the control of conjugated polymer molecule ordering when using solvent free processing techniques. Finally, conclusions and perspectives of solventless processed conjugated polymer molecules in organic electronics are addressed. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23-33
Number of pages11
JournalSynthetic Metals
Volume197
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2014

Keywords

  • Conjugated polymers
  • Solventless processing
  • Processing-structure-properties relationships
  • FIELD-EFFECT TRANSISTORS
  • CHARGE-TRANSPORT ANISOTROPY
  • THIN-FILM TRANSISTORS
  • ORGANIC SOLAR-CELLS
  • REGIOREGULAR POLY(3-HEXYLTHIOPHENE)
  • ORIENTED FILMS
  • PENTACENE PRECURSOR
  • FRICTION-DEPOSITION
  • MELT
  • ORIENTATION

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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