Solvent extraction of penicillin - a study of electrostatic spraying behaviour during enhanced extraction in a spray column

L. R. Weatherley, I. Arnott, J. C. Slaughter, I. Campbell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The conditions required for generation of electrostatic sprays in a liquid-liquid extraction column have been experimentally studied. In particular the time dependent variation of column conductance due to space charge migration, mass transfer, and due to large changes in dispersed phase hold-up were examined. It is shown that the minimum voltage required for electrostatic spray generation was significantly affected by the electrical history of the column in the absence of dispersed phase flow, and that pre-charging of the extraction column allows spray generation at reduced voltages. It was also shown that the major factor influencing changes in column conductance during the extraction of penicillin from a 25 g/1 aqueous solution, as dispersed phase into dichloromethane, is solute trasfer into the organic phase. At high degrees of extraction it was shown that the effect of dispersed phase hold-up and the transfer of buffer components and water make relatively minor contributions to changes in column conductance. Preliminary drop size measurements made in the extraction column indicate the significant presence of droplets of less than 1µm in diameter.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)147-164
Number of pages18
JournalInstitution of Chemical Engineers Symposium Series
Issue number119
Publication statusPublished - 1990
EventExtraction '90 - Caithness, Scotl
Duration: 10 Sep 199014 Sep 1990

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penicillin
solvent extraction
spraying
sprayers
electrostatics
drop size
electric potential
liquids
mass transfer
charging
space charge
solutes
buffers
histories
aqueous solutions

Cite this

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title = "Solvent extraction of penicillin - a study of electrostatic spraying behaviour during enhanced extraction in a spray column",
abstract = "The conditions required for generation of electrostatic sprays in a liquid-liquid extraction column have been experimentally studied. In particular the time dependent variation of column conductance due to space charge migration, mass transfer, and due to large changes in dispersed phase hold-up were examined. It is shown that the minimum voltage required for electrostatic spray generation was significantly affected by the electrical history of the column in the absence of dispersed phase flow, and that pre-charging of the extraction column allows spray generation at reduced voltages. It was also shown that the major factor influencing changes in column conductance during the extraction of penicillin from a 25 g/1 aqueous solution, as dispersed phase into dichloromethane, is solute trasfer into the organic phase. At high degrees of extraction it was shown that the effect of dispersed phase hold-up and the transfer of buffer components and water make relatively minor contributions to changes in column conductance. Preliminary drop size measurements made in the extraction column indicate the significant presence of droplets of less than 1µm in diameter.",
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year = "1990",
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Solvent extraction of penicillin - a study of electrostatic spraying behaviour during enhanced extraction in a spray column. / Weatherley, L. R.; Arnott, I.; Slaughter, J. C.; Campbell, I.

In: Institution of Chemical Engineers Symposium Series, No. 119, 1990, p. 147-164.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Solvent extraction of penicillin - a study of electrostatic spraying behaviour during enhanced extraction in a spray column

AU - Weatherley, L. R.

AU - Arnott, I.

AU - Slaughter, J. C.

AU - Campbell, I.

PY - 1990

Y1 - 1990

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