Solute transport routing in a small stream

S. G. Wallis, D. Bonardi, D. D. Silavwe

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    5 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The impact of pollution incidents on rivers and streams may be predicted using mathematical models of solute transport. Practical applications require an analytical or numerical solution to a governing solute mass balance equation together with appropriate values of relevant transport coefficients under the flow conditions of interest. This paper considers two such models, namely those proposed by Fischer and by Singh and Beck, and compares their performances using tracer data from a small stream in Edinburgh, UK. In calibrating the models, information on the magnitudes and the flow rate dependencies of the velocity and the dispersion coefficients was generated. The dispersion coefficient in the stream ranged between 0.1 and 0.9 m2/s for a flow rate range of 13-437 L/s. During calibration it was found that the Singh and Beck model fitted the tracer data a little better than the Fischer model in the majority of cases. In a validation exercise, however, both models gave similarly good predictions of solute transport at three different flow rates.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1894-1907
    Number of pages14
    JournalHydrological Sciences Journal
    Volume59
    Issue number10
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2 Sep 2014

    Keywords

    • dispersion coefficient
    • modelling
    • routing
    • solute transport
    • stream

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Water Science and Technology

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