Solar radiation and scattering: Waves or particles?

Alan J. Sangster

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


There is some evidence to be found in the literature that modern quantum electrodynamics is inconsistent with classical electromagnetism. The difficulty has mainly evolved from the work of Richard Feynman but, for electrical engineers, it is perhaps more imagined than real. Provided we exclude the esoteric behaviours, both of electrons and photons within atoms embedded in materials, and of exotic particles in the rarefied world of high-energy physics, cumulative electrodynamics provides a smooth link between classical electromagnetism and a version of electromagnetism sympathetic to developments in quantum electrodynamics. In the formulation of this modern electromagnetism, it is likely to be most instructive to adjudge the topic as the study of coherent electron wave functions whose interactions are essentially continuous throughout space.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationGreen Energy and Technology
Number of pages24
ISBN (Print)9783319085111
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014

Publication series

NameGreen Energy and Technology
ISSN (Print)18653529
ISSN (Electronic)18653537

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


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