Simulations and field tests of pneumatic power regulation by valve control using short-term forecasting at the Pico OWC

Kieran Monk, Daniel Conley, Victor Winands, Miguel Lopes, Qingping Zou, Deborah Greaves

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Power production at the Pico OWC WEC has fallen significantly short of early theoretical projections. The main reasons for this that have been identified are: the collection of boulders in the chamber has reduced the water depth promoting wave asymmetry, a defect in the chamber front lip makes a pneumatic connection to the atmosphere at times resulting in pressure loss, and the maximum turbine rotational speed has been limited to below the optimum. In addition the turbulent flow shed from the Wells turbine under stall conditions causes significant stress in the mechanical system components resulting in accelerated fatigue and excessive noise emission. The constant need to maintain and recover fatigued components is an unsustainable drain on financial and human resources. In order to improve power production and reduce fatigue rate by minimising stall frequency and severity, a control strategy is considered to improve pneumatic power exposure to the turbine through relief valve control, using the existing infrastructure. Control decisions are made using the information obtained through short-term wave forecasting using an autoregressive model. Simulations of control are in good agreement with field test results obtained at Pico
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 11th European Wave and Tidal Energy Conference (EWTEC 2015)
Place of PublicationNantes, France
PublisherTechnical Committee of the European Wave and Tidal Energy Conference
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Publication series

NameEuropean Wave and Tidal Energy Conference Series
ISSN (Electronic)2309-1983

Fingerprint

Pneumatics
Turbines
Fatigue of materials
Pressure relief valves
Turbulent flow
Personnel
Defects
Water

Cite this

Monk, K., Conley, D., Winands, V., Lopes, M., Zou, Q., & Greaves, D. (2015). Simulations and field tests of pneumatic power regulation by valve control using short-term forecasting at the Pico OWC. In Proceedings of the 11th European Wave and Tidal Energy Conference (EWTEC 2015) (European Wave and Tidal Energy Conference Series). Nantes, France: Technical Committee of the European Wave and Tidal Energy Conference.
Monk, Kieran ; Conley, Daniel ; Winands, Victor ; Lopes, Miguel ; Zou, Qingping ; Greaves, Deborah. / Simulations and field tests of pneumatic power regulation by valve control using short-term forecasting at the Pico OWC. Proceedings of the 11th European Wave and Tidal Energy Conference (EWTEC 2015). Nantes, France : Technical Committee of the European Wave and Tidal Energy Conference, 2015. (European Wave and Tidal Energy Conference Series).
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abstract = "Power production at the Pico OWC WEC has fallen significantly short of early theoretical projections. The main reasons for this that have been identified are: the collection of boulders in the chamber has reduced the water depth promoting wave asymmetry, a defect in the chamber front lip makes a pneumatic connection to the atmosphere at times resulting in pressure loss, and the maximum turbine rotational speed has been limited to below the optimum. In addition the turbulent flow shed from the Wells turbine under stall conditions causes significant stress in the mechanical system components resulting in accelerated fatigue and excessive noise emission. The constant need to maintain and recover fatigued components is an unsustainable drain on financial and human resources. In order to improve power production and reduce fatigue rate by minimising stall frequency and severity, a control strategy is considered to improve pneumatic power exposure to the turbine through relief valve control, using the existing infrastructure. Control decisions are made using the information obtained through short-term wave forecasting using an autoregressive model. Simulations of control are in good agreement with field test results obtained at Pico",
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Monk, K, Conley, D, Winands, V, Lopes, M, Zou, Q & Greaves, D 2015, Simulations and field tests of pneumatic power regulation by valve control using short-term forecasting at the Pico OWC. in Proceedings of the 11th European Wave and Tidal Energy Conference (EWTEC 2015). European Wave and Tidal Energy Conference Series, Technical Committee of the European Wave and Tidal Energy Conference, Nantes, France.

Simulations and field tests of pneumatic power regulation by valve control using short-term forecasting at the Pico OWC. / Monk, Kieran; Conley, Daniel; Winands, Victor; Lopes, Miguel; Zou, Qingping; Greaves, Deborah.

Proceedings of the 11th European Wave and Tidal Energy Conference (EWTEC 2015). Nantes, France : Technical Committee of the European Wave and Tidal Energy Conference, 2015. (European Wave and Tidal Energy Conference Series).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

TY - GEN

T1 - Simulations and field tests of pneumatic power regulation by valve control using short-term forecasting at the Pico OWC

AU - Monk, Kieran

AU - Conley, Daniel

AU - Winands, Victor

AU - Lopes, Miguel

AU - Zou, Qingping

AU - Greaves, Deborah

PY - 2015

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N2 - Power production at the Pico OWC WEC has fallen significantly short of early theoretical projections. The main reasons for this that have been identified are: the collection of boulders in the chamber has reduced the water depth promoting wave asymmetry, a defect in the chamber front lip makes a pneumatic connection to the atmosphere at times resulting in pressure loss, and the maximum turbine rotational speed has been limited to below the optimum. In addition the turbulent flow shed from the Wells turbine under stall conditions causes significant stress in the mechanical system components resulting in accelerated fatigue and excessive noise emission. The constant need to maintain and recover fatigued components is an unsustainable drain on financial and human resources. In order to improve power production and reduce fatigue rate by minimising stall frequency and severity, a control strategy is considered to improve pneumatic power exposure to the turbine through relief valve control, using the existing infrastructure. Control decisions are made using the information obtained through short-term wave forecasting using an autoregressive model. Simulations of control are in good agreement with field test results obtained at Pico

AB - Power production at the Pico OWC WEC has fallen significantly short of early theoretical projections. The main reasons for this that have been identified are: the collection of boulders in the chamber has reduced the water depth promoting wave asymmetry, a defect in the chamber front lip makes a pneumatic connection to the atmosphere at times resulting in pressure loss, and the maximum turbine rotational speed has been limited to below the optimum. In addition the turbulent flow shed from the Wells turbine under stall conditions causes significant stress in the mechanical system components resulting in accelerated fatigue and excessive noise emission. The constant need to maintain and recover fatigued components is an unsustainable drain on financial and human resources. In order to improve power production and reduce fatigue rate by minimising stall frequency and severity, a control strategy is considered to improve pneumatic power exposure to the turbine through relief valve control, using the existing infrastructure. Control decisions are made using the information obtained through short-term wave forecasting using an autoregressive model. Simulations of control are in good agreement with field test results obtained at Pico

M3 - Conference contribution

T3 - European Wave and Tidal Energy Conference Series

BT - Proceedings of the 11th European Wave and Tidal Energy Conference (EWTEC 2015)

PB - Technical Committee of the European Wave and Tidal Energy Conference

CY - Nantes, France

ER -

Monk K, Conley D, Winands V, Lopes M, Zou Q, Greaves D. Simulations and field tests of pneumatic power regulation by valve control using short-term forecasting at the Pico OWC. In Proceedings of the 11th European Wave and Tidal Energy Conference (EWTEC 2015). Nantes, France: Technical Committee of the European Wave and Tidal Energy Conference. 2015. (European Wave and Tidal Energy Conference Series).