Indistinguishable quantum emitters confined to length scales smaller than the wavelength of the light become superradiant. Compared to uncorrelated and distinguishable emitters, superradiance results in qualitative modifications of optical signals such as photon coincidences. However, recent experiments revealed that similar signatures can also be obtained in situations where emitters are too far separated to be superradiant if correlations between emitters are induced by the wave-function collapse during an emission-angle-selective photon detection event. Here, we compare two sources for cooperative emission, superradiance and measurement-induced cooperativity, and analyze their impact on time-dependent optical signals. We find that an antidip in photon coincidences at zero time delay is a signature of interemitter correlations in general but does not unambiguously prove the presence of superradiance. This suggests that photon coincidences at zero time delay alone are not sufficient and time-dependent data are necessary to clearly demonstrate a superradiant enhancement of the spontaneous radiative decay rate.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics