Shocks, Consumption and Income Diversification in Rural Ethiopia

Catherine Porter

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    68 Citations (Scopus)


    We present new evidence that households are unable to protect themselves from rainfall failure that occurs on average every five years in rural Ethiopia. However, other less extreme rainfall variation and idiosyncratic shocks such as illness and crop pests do not impact significantly on consumption. Agricultural shocks impact negatively on farm income as expected, however they also stimulate non-agricultural earnings by an equivalent amount. In the case of a covariate shock such as severe rainfall failure, this smoothing mechanism may be ineffective and rainfall insurance or drought-triggered safety nets could provide further protection.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1209-1222
    JournalJournal of Development Studies
    Issue number9
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2012


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