Shifts in the metabolic function of a benthic estuarine microbial community following a single pulse exposure to silver nanoparticles

Virginia Echavarri-Bravo, Lynn Paterson, Thomas J. Aspray, Joanne S. Porter, Michael K. Winson, Barry Thornton, Mark G J Hartl

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31 Citations (Scopus)
73 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The increasing use of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) as a biocidal agent and their potential accumulation in sediments may threaten non-target natural environmental bacterial communities. In this study a microcosm approach was established to investigate the effects of well characterized OECD AgNPs (NM-300) on the function of the bacterial community inhabiting marine estuarine sediments (salinity 31 parts per thousand). The results showed that a single pulse of NM-300 AgNPs (1 mg L-1) that led to sediment concentrations below 6 mg Ag kg(-1) dry weight inhibited the bacterial utilization of environmentally relevant carbon substrates. As a result, the functional diversity changed, but recovered after 120 h under the experimental conditions. This microcosm study suggests that AgNPs under environmentally relevant experimental conditions can negatively affect bacterial function and provides an insight into the understanding of the bacterial community response and resilience to AgNPs exposure, important for informing relevant regulatory measures. (C) 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)91-99
Number of pages9
JournalEnvironmental Pollution
Volume201
Early online date13 Mar 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2015

Keywords

  • Bacterial communities
  • Bacterial function
  • Estuary
  • Marine
  • Sediments
  • Silver nanoparticles

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