Shaped Parallel-Plate Lens for Mechanical Wide-Angle Beam Steering

Thomas Ströber, Ségolène Tubau, Etienne Girard, Hervé Legay, George Goussetis, Mauro Ettorre

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Citations (Scopus)
213 Downloads (Pure)


This article presents a parallel-plate lens beamformer for continuous wide-Angle scanning. The design is based on a compact dual-lens system with extended scanning range and is optimized using a previously developed geometrical optics technique. Beam steering is accomplished with a mechanical feed system based on the noncontact characteristic of groove gap waveguides, offering large bandwidth, low profile, and mechanical ruggedness. The proposed concept is validated by an all-metal prototype of a $20.5\lambda $ lens operating in the uplink Ka-band allocated to satellite communications (27.5-31 GHz). Good agreement is obtained between the simulated and measured performances. The measured return loss is greater than 12 dB over the entire frequency band and beyond. High scanning performances are achieved over an angular range of ±50° (±14 beamwidths), with maximum scan losses in the order of 3 dB and good pattern stability over the entire band. The proposed solution is particularly suited for next-generation satellite terminals requiring compact broadband antennas with continuous beam-steering capability over a large angular range.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8158-8169
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation
Issue number12
Early online date25 Jun 2021
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021


  • Beam-scanning antennas
  • gap waveguide technology
  • lens antennas
  • mechanical beam scanning
  • parallel-plate optics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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