Flavocytochrome c from the Gram-negative, food-spoiling bacterium Shewanella putrefaciens is a soluble, periplasmic fumarate reductase. We have isolated the gene encoding flavocytochrome c and determined the complete DNA sequence. The predicted amino acid sequence indicates that flavocytochrome c is synthesized with an N-terminal secretory signal sequence of 25 amino acid residues. The mature protein contains 571 amino acid residues and consists of an N-terminal cytochrome domain, of about 117 residues, with four heme attachment sites typical of c-type cytochromes and a C-terminal flavoprotein domain of about 454 residues that is clearly related to the flavoprotein subunits of fumarate reductases and succinate dehydrogenases from bacterial and other sources. A second reading frame that may be cotranscribed with the flavocytochrome c gene exhibits some similarity with the 13-kDa membrane anchor subunit of Escherichia coli fumarate reductase. The sequence of the flavoprotein domain demonstrates an even closer relationship with the product of the yeast OSM1 gene, mutations in which result in sensitivity to high osmolarity. These findings are discussed in relation to the function of flavocytochrome c.
- AMINO-ACID SEQUENCE