Separation of broadly distributed nonylphenol ethoxylates and determination of ethylene oxide oligomers in textile lubricants and emulsions by high-performance liquid chromatography

Cheng Sun, Margot Baird, Hamish A. Anderson, Donald L. Brydon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A simple and rapid high-performance liquid chromatography method is described for separation and determination of ethoxylated nonylphenols. By using an amino bonded silica column with an acetonitrile-water gradient, the oligomers of ethoxylated nonylphenols with an average of 6 EO (ethylene oxide number) up to 40 EO were separated with satisfactory resolution. It was found that the partition of solutes between the stationary and mobile phases, and hydrogen bonding between salutes, solid-phase amino groups, water and acetonitrile were the main factors governing separation. The recoveries of total oligomers of nonylphenol-8 EO from a mixed emulsion with mineral oil, methyl oleate, peanut oil and the textile lubricant Blend 1 were 90.0 ± 10.2, 95.6 ± 7.9, 90.0 ± 9.5 and 107.2 ± 11.4%, respectively. The application of this method can be extended to determine non-ionic surfactants in other matrices.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)161-169
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Chromatography A
Volume731
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19 Apr 1996

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Ethylene Oxide
High performance liquid chromatography
Emulsions
Oligomers
Lubricants
Textiles
Mineral Oil
Water
Nonionic surfactants
Silicon Dioxide
Hydrogen bonds
Recovery
terics
acetonitrile

Keywords

  • Ethylene oxide
  • Nonylphenol ethoxylates
  • Surfactants

Cite this

@article{c500e28714424c7db41a264326df0839,
title = "Separation of broadly distributed nonylphenol ethoxylates and determination of ethylene oxide oligomers in textile lubricants and emulsions by high-performance liquid chromatography",
abstract = "A simple and rapid high-performance liquid chromatography method is described for separation and determination of ethoxylated nonylphenols. By using an amino bonded silica column with an acetonitrile-water gradient, the oligomers of ethoxylated nonylphenols with an average of 6 EO (ethylene oxide number) up to 40 EO were separated with satisfactory resolution. It was found that the partition of solutes between the stationary and mobile phases, and hydrogen bonding between salutes, solid-phase amino groups, water and acetonitrile were the main factors governing separation. The recoveries of total oligomers of nonylphenol-8 EO from a mixed emulsion with mineral oil, methyl oleate, peanut oil and the textile lubricant Blend 1 were 90.0 ± 10.2, 95.6 ± 7.9, 90.0 ± 9.5 and 107.2 ± 11.4{\%}, respectively. The application of this method can be extended to determine non-ionic surfactants in other matrices.",
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author = "Cheng Sun and Margot Baird and Anderson, {Hamish A.} and Brydon, {Donald L.}",
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Separation of broadly distributed nonylphenol ethoxylates and determination of ethylene oxide oligomers in textile lubricants and emulsions by high-performance liquid chromatography. / Sun, Cheng; Baird, Margot; Anderson, Hamish A.; Brydon, Donald L.

In: Journal of Chromatography A, Vol. 731, No. 1-2, 19.04.1996, p. 161-169.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Separation of broadly distributed nonylphenol ethoxylates and determination of ethylene oxide oligomers in textile lubricants and emulsions by high-performance liquid chromatography

AU - Sun, Cheng

AU - Baird, Margot

AU - Anderson, Hamish A.

AU - Brydon, Donald L.

PY - 1996/4/19

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N2 - A simple and rapid high-performance liquid chromatography method is described for separation and determination of ethoxylated nonylphenols. By using an amino bonded silica column with an acetonitrile-water gradient, the oligomers of ethoxylated nonylphenols with an average of 6 EO (ethylene oxide number) up to 40 EO were separated with satisfactory resolution. It was found that the partition of solutes between the stationary and mobile phases, and hydrogen bonding between salutes, solid-phase amino groups, water and acetonitrile were the main factors governing separation. The recoveries of total oligomers of nonylphenol-8 EO from a mixed emulsion with mineral oil, methyl oleate, peanut oil and the textile lubricant Blend 1 were 90.0 ± 10.2, 95.6 ± 7.9, 90.0 ± 9.5 and 107.2 ± 11.4%, respectively. The application of this method can be extended to determine non-ionic surfactants in other matrices.

AB - A simple and rapid high-performance liquid chromatography method is described for separation and determination of ethoxylated nonylphenols. By using an amino bonded silica column with an acetonitrile-water gradient, the oligomers of ethoxylated nonylphenols with an average of 6 EO (ethylene oxide number) up to 40 EO were separated with satisfactory resolution. It was found that the partition of solutes between the stationary and mobile phases, and hydrogen bonding between salutes, solid-phase amino groups, water and acetonitrile were the main factors governing separation. The recoveries of total oligomers of nonylphenol-8 EO from a mixed emulsion with mineral oil, methyl oleate, peanut oil and the textile lubricant Blend 1 were 90.0 ± 10.2, 95.6 ± 7.9, 90.0 ± 9.5 and 107.2 ± 11.4%, respectively. The application of this method can be extended to determine non-ionic surfactants in other matrices.

KW - Ethylene oxide

KW - Nonylphenol ethoxylates

KW - Surfactants

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