Self-calibrating circuit for phase correction to support phased array antenna systems

Zain Shafiq, Dimitris E. Anagnostou, Symon K. Podilchak*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
39 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

A self-calibrating circuit system for use within active phased array antennas is presented. The system addresses the issue of unwanted channel phase imbalances and random phase errors which can deteriorate array performance. Basically, unwanted insertion phase offsets that can originate within each RF channel, due to the supporting and active circuit components and possible temperature variations, can be eliminated by our designed, simulated, and experimentally verified self-calibrating circuit. With existing technologies and calibration approaches, it is practically difficult and time consuming to check the phase feeding accuracy, as typically a large number of data sets are required to achieve similar channel corrections. As an alternative, our proposed circuit system allows for the consecutive phase shift between RF channels to be inspected and self-corrected within a feedback loop managed by a MATLAB-Arduino program. The active S-band feed system can self-calibrate in about 25 s (or less), using commercially available phase sensors and voltage controlled phase shifters. To the best knowledge of the authors, no similar computer controlled feed-back circuit to support the self-correction of active phased arrays has been previously reported.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere13031
JournalElectronics Letters
Volume59
Issue number22
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 27 Nov 2023

Keywords

  • antenna phased arrays
  • calibration
  • radar antennas

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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