Selenium Nanoneedles Deposited on a Pencil Graphite Electrode for Hydrazine Sensing

Sumaya Ishtiaq, Manzar Sohail*, Shahid Rasul, Abdul Wasy Zia, Lidija Siller, Ghayoor Abbas Chotana, Muhammad Sharif, Ayman Nafady

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


The low toxicity of Se nanoparticles (NPs) makes it a suitable candidate for biomedical and sensing applications. Herein, we, for the first time, report the modification of a pencil graphite electrode with Se nanostructures (Se/PGE) by a facile chemical bath deposition (CBD) method. Hydrazine, a routine chemical in various industries, is toxic even in trace amounts and poses a serious threat due to its carcinogenic and mutagenic nature. Therefore, it is crucial to detect its presence in aqueous media. The Se/PGE exhibited outstanding, reproducible, and selective electrocatalytic activity for hydrazine determination. The Se/PGE displayed a stable amperometric response with a wide linear concentration range of 1 μM-50 mM, a LOQ of 90 nM, a very low LOD of 45 nM, and a sensitivity of 0.813 μA·μM-1·cm-2. Moreover, Se/PGE showed a negligible response toward common interferences like NO3-1, CH3COO-1, phenol, and DMF at the selected applied potential. Applying the as-fabricated sensor for hydrazine detection in real-life samples (drinking water) showed satisfactory results with a recovery percentage of 96.9%. Further, our methodology paves the way to fabricate modified pencil graphite electrodes (PGEs) through a convenient CBD method.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14336-14346
Number of pages11
JournalACS Applied Nano Materials
Issue number10
Early online date19 Sept 2022
Publication statusPublished - 28 Oct 2022


  • chemical bath deposition
  • electrochemical sensing
  • hydrazine sensing
  • pencil graphite electrode
  • selenium nano-needles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science


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