Sediment transport and morphological responses of a silty coast to a cold front event in the southwest Bohai Bay of China

Cuiping Kuang, Hongyi Li, Guangwei Huang, Xuejian Han, Qingping Zou, Honglin Song

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
9 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Silty coast, as a transitional state between muddy coast and sandy coast, possesses a considerable percentage of the overall coast in China. Huanghua-Binzhou coast in the southwest Bohai Bay in the northeastern China is a typical silty coast which is vulnerable to cold fronts when its seabed is prone to suffer suddenly drastic erosion and deposition due to the sediment there with relatively low incipient velocity and high settling velocity. In this study, a multi-sediment fraction model was established and two-way coupled with the wave-tide-surge model to investigate the responses of the sediment transport and morphodynamics of Huanghua-Binzhou coast to a cold front event during 10–13th Oct. 2003. The model results demonstrate that three sediment fractions, i.e. mud, silt and sand, showed different responses to the storm due to their different spatial percentages and distinct physical properties. The silt fraction, as the primary fraction, played a leading role in the suspension and transport of the total sediment, and showed a pattern of “deposition-erosion-deposition” in the cross-shore direction like the total morphological change. The fine sediment was transported westward and offshore during the storm, which indicated the sediment coarsening in the study area. The depth-induced wave modulation considerably enhanced the resuspension ability of the nearshore waves for sediment and thus played a critical role in intensifying the erosion. The Huanghua waterway siltation mainly resulted from the resuspension of the offshore sediment by the strong wind waves and its westward transport by the wind-induced currents during the storm. The construction of two long jetties in 2006 can significantly reduce the deposition in the waterway by 75%, and the additional large-scale construction in 2016 can further lessen the waterway siltation by intercepting the westward sediment transport and reduce the suspended sediment concentration by 30% by the land reclamation in the study area.
Original languageEnglish
Article number108106
JournalEstuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science
Volume278
Early online date20 Oct 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 Nov 2022

Keywords

  • Cold front
  • Depth-induced wave modulation
  • Morphological evolution
  • Multi-sediment fraction model
  • Sediment transport
  • Silty coast
  • Waterway siltation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science

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