Security and Reliability Performance Analysis of Cooperative Multi-Relay Systems with Nonlinear Energy Harvesters and Hardware Impairments

Xingwang Li, Mengyan Huang, Changsen Zhang, Dan Deng, Khaled M. Rabie, Yuan Ding, Jianhe Du

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Abstract

In this paper, we investigate the reliability and security performance of cooperative multirelay systems, where both source and relay nodes are energy constrained nonlinear energy harvesters, scavenging energy from a power beacon nearby. Our analysis is based on practical model since residual hardware impairments (RHIs) and channel estimation errors (CEEs) are considered. Aiming at improving the system efficiency, three representative relay selection strategies are considered: i) random relay selection (RRS); ii) suboptimal relay selection (SRS) and iii) optimal relay selection (ORS). To characterize the security performance of the considered strategies, we derive closed-form analytical expressions of the reliability and security in terms of outage probability (OP) and intercept probability (IP).We further discuss the asymptotic expressions and scaling laws of OP with the number of relays. The IP is analyzed for non-colluding and colluding scenarios. The numerical results illustrate that: i) There is a tradeoff between reliability and security, that is when the outage constraint is relaxed, the IP can be enhanced, and vice versa; ii) The outage performance of the ORS and SRS schemes outperform RRS, indicating that relay selection can enhance reliability performance; iii) There are error floors for the OP due to the CEEs; iv) Colluding eavesdroppers can enhance eavesdropping attacks by sharing their intercepted information; and v) Although RHIs and CEEs have deleterious effects on the OP, they can protect the information transmission against eavesdropping attacks.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages17
JournalIEEE Access
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 18 Jul 2019

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