Second Harmonic Exploitation for High-Efficiency Wireless Power Transfer Using Duplexing Rectenna

Sumin David Joseph, Yi Huang, Shawn S. H. Hsu, Ahmed Alieldin, Chaoyun Song

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)
92 Downloads (Pure)


In this article, a novel duplexing rectenna with harmonic feedback capability is proposed for efficient wireless power transfer (WPT) applications. The proposed duplexing rectenna can harvest the incoming radio frequency (RF) energy efficiently and also make use of an inherent harmonic signal, which is sent back to the RF transmitter (Tx) for positioning in order to guide the radiation patterns from Tx antenna array for optimum WPT. A novel duplexing dipole antenna is designed based on the top loading and capacitive gap effects. It is used to receive RF power at fundamental frequency 0.915 GHz and transmit the second harmonic signals at 1.83 GHz as a feedback. Experimental validation of a complete WPT system with beam-scanning capability has been carried out. It is shown that the fabricated rectifier has realized a maximum RF-dc conversion efficiency of 71% (at 15-dBm input power) and a measured peak second harmonic power of -1 dBm. Thus, the proposed duplexing rectenna can form a closed-loop system by providing its location information for efficient WPT applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)482-494
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques
Issue number1
Early online date10 Dec 2020
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2021


  • Antenna
  • duplexing antenna
  • harmonic feedback
  • rectenna
  • rectifier
  • second harmonic
  • wireless power transfer (WPT).

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiation
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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