Search for memory effects in methane hydrate: Structure of water before hydrate formation and after hydrate decomposition

Piers Buchanan, Alan K. Soper, Helen Thompson, Robin E. Westacott, Jefferson L. Creek, Greg Hobson, Carolyn A. Koh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

93 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Neutron diffraction with HD isotope substitution has been used to study the formation and decomposition of the methane clathrate hydrate. Using this atomistic technique coupled with simultaneous gas consumption measurements, we have successfully tracked the formation of the sI methane hydrate from a water/gas mixture and then the subsequent decomposition of the hydrate from initiation to completion. These studies demonstrate that the application of neutron diffraction with simultaneous gas consumption measurements provides a powerful method for studying the clathrate hydrate crystal growth and decomposition. We have also used neutron diffraction to examine the water structure before the hydrate growth and after the hydrate decomposition. From the neutron-scattering curves and the empirical potential structure refinement analysis of the data, we find that there is no significant difference between the structure of water before the hydrate formation and the structure of water after the hydrate decomposition. Nor is there any significant change to the methane hydration shell. These results are discussed in the context of widely held views on the existence of memory effects after the hydrate decomposition. © 2005 American Institute of Physics.

Original languageEnglish
Article number164507
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
Volume123
Issue number16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005

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