Screening nuclear field fluctuations in quantum dots for indistinguishable photon generation

Ralph N E Malein, Ted Silva Santana, Joanna M Zajac, Adetunmise C Dada, Erik Gauger, Pierre M. Petroff, Ju Y. Lim, Jin D. Song, Brian D Gerardot

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

A semiconductor quantum dot can generate highly coherent and indistinguishable single photons. However, intrinsic semiconductor dephasing mechanisms can reduce the visibility of two-photon interference. For an electron in a quantum dot, a fundamental dephasing process is the hyperfine interaction with the nuclear spin bath. Here we directly probe the consequence of the fluctuating nuclear spins on the elastic and inelastic scattered photon spectra from a resident electron in a single dot. We find the in-plane component of the nuclear Overhauser field leads to detuned Raman scattered photons, broadened over experimental timescales by field fluctuations, which are distinguishable from both the elastic and incoherent components of the resonance fluorescence. This significantly reduces two-photon interference visibility. However, we demonstrate successful screening of the nuclear spin noise which enables the generation of coherent single photons that exhibit high visibility two-photon interference.
Original languageEnglish
Article number257401
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume116
Issue number25
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 24 Jun 2016

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