Schizosaccharomyces pombe in the Brewing Process: Mixed-Culture Fermentation for More Complete Attenuation of High-Gravity Wort

Barnaby Pownall, Struan J. Reid, Anne Elizabeth Hill, David Jenkins

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Abstract

High-gravity brewing is a method that maximises brewhouse capacity and reduces energy consumption per unit of beer produced. The fermentation of wort with high sugar content is known to impact the fermentation characteristics and production of aroma-active volatiles, and as such, cultures that are adapted to this method are industrially valuable. Mixed-culture fermentation offers brewers the opportunity to combine desirable features from multiple strains of yeast and to take advantage of the interactions between those strains. In this study, a highly attenuative strain of Schizosaccharomyces pombe is paired with a fast-fermenting brewing strain of Saccharomyces cerevisiae in the fermentation of wort at both standard and high gravity at centilitre scale. Mixed cultures were found to produce several esters and higher alcohols in higher concentration than in either of the parent monocultures at both standard and high gravity. The mixed culture also represented a compromise between fermentation length (modelled by the logistic equation), which was extended by the inclusion of S. pombe, and ethanol yield, which was increased. The application of mixed-culture strategies to high-gravity brewing practices may allow brewers greater flexibility in achieving desired flavour profiles whilst increasing brewhouse efficiency.
Original languageEnglish
Article number643
JournalFermentation
Volume8
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Nov 2022

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