Scanning Range Expansion of Planar Phased Arrays using Metasurfaces

Yan-He Lv, Xiao Ding, Bing-Zhong Wang, Dimitris E. Anagnostou

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37 Citations (Scopus)
395 Downloads (Pure)


We propose a novel method to extend the scanning range of planar phased arrays based on a phase gradient metasurface. The phase gradient metasurface is developed by the generalized Snell's law, which can irregularly tailor the direction of propagation of the traversing electromagnetic waves. The proposed transmission gradient phase metasurface (TGPMS) uses bidirectional expansion of the scanning range in a phased array application. The TGPMS consists of periodic and multilayer subwavelength elements that contribute to a wide range of transmission phase shift and multiple incident angular stability. The design is verified experimentally with a compact microstrip phased array that is integrated with the proposed TGPMS. Results demonstrate that the TGPMS extends the scanning range of the integrated array symmetrically, from [-36°, 38°] to [-56°, 60°]. The proposed TGPMS has additional desirable characteristics, such as high transmission, polarization insensitivity, tunable transmission phases in a wide range, and transmission phase stability for waves incident at different angles.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1402-1410
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation
Issue number3
Early online date31 Jan 2020
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2020


  • Phased array
  • metasurface
  • wavefront phase regulation
  • wide-angle scanning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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