Scale Mitigation for Field Implementation of Alkaline-Surfactant-Polymer ASP Flooding in a Heterogeneous High Temperature Carbonate Reservoir with High Divalent Cation Concentration in Formation Water

Mohammed T. Al Murayri, Dawood S. Sulaiman, Anfal Al-Kharji, Munther Al Kabani, Ken S. Sorbie, Giulia Ness, Malcolm J. Pitts, Mehdi Salehi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (SciVal)

Abstract

An alkaline-surfactant-polymer (ASP) pilot in a regular five spot well pattern is underway in the Sabriyah Mauddud (SAMA) reservoir in Kuwait. High divalent cation concentrations in formation water and high carbonate concentration of the ASP formulation makes the formation of calcite scale a concern. The main objective of this study is to investigate the severity of the calcium carbonate (CaCO3) scaling issues in the central producer in pursuit of a risk mitigation strategy to treat the potential scale deposition and reduce the flow assurance challenges. Calcite scaling risk in terms of Saturation Ratio (SR) and scale mass (in mg/L of produced water) in the pilot producer is potentially very severe and the probability of forming calcium carbonate scale at the production well is high. Produced Ca2+ concentration is high (> 800 mg/l), which makes the equilibrated calcite SR severe (> 500) and results in significant amount of scale mass precipitation. Different flooding strategies were modelled to evaluate a variety of flood design options to mitigate scale risks (varying slug size, Na2CO3 concentration, and volume of softened pre-flush brine), with marginal impact on scale formation. When the high permeability contrast of the different layers is reduced (to mimic gel injection), calcite SR and precipitated scale mass is significantly reduced to manageable levels. The option of injecting a weak acid in the production well downhole can suppress most of the expected calcite scale through reduction of the brine pH in the produced fluid stream for the ASP flood. Weak acid concentrations in the range of 4,000 to 5,000 mg/l are forecast to mitigate scale formation.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAbu Dhabi International Petroleum Exhibition and Conference 2021
PublisherSociety of Petroleum Engineers
ISBN (Electronic)9781613998342
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 9 Dec 2021
Event2021 Abu Dhabi International Petroleum Exhibition and Conference - Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
Duration: 15 Nov 202118 Nov 2021

Conference

Conference2021 Abu Dhabi International Petroleum Exhibition and Conference
Abbreviated titleADIP 2021
Country/TerritoryUnited Arab Emirates
CityAbu Dhabi
Period15/11/2118/11/21

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Fuel Technology

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