Scale inhibitor consumption in long-term static barium sulphate inhibition efficiency tests

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    Abstract

    In typical bulk barite inhibition efficiency (IE) experiments testing scale inhibitors (SI), the IE is determined by comparing the concentrations of the barium ion in the mix to that in an uninhibited “blank” solution. That is, [Ba2+] vs. time is monitored for both a blank and an inhibited solution. The fate of the scale inhibitor itself over this test time period is rarely monitored although this can give some important insights into the inhibition mechanism. This paper presents a series of long-term (up to 96 hour) barium sulphate static inhibition efficiency (IE) experiments in which both the supernatant scale inhibitor concentration, [SI], and [Ba2+] are assayed at multiple sampling times after initial mixing of sea water (SW) and formation water (FW) brines. In standard IE tests to determine SI minimum inhibitor concentration (MIC), sampling is normally carried out at 2 hours and 22 hours only. The long-term IE experiments described in this paper involve up to eleven sampling times, typically at t = 0.5, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 22, 48, 72 and 96 hours after mixing.


    The aim of this type of experiment is to determine the fate of the SI over time, and secondly, to determine whether the IE and %SI in solution versus time profiles correlate with each other. Clearly, SI removed from solution is consumed into the forming barium sulphate lattice in the barite precipitate. IE and solution SI often continue to decline beyond 22 hours, up to 96 hours after the mixing stage. In these experiments, the SI concentration is set at a pre-2 hour MIC threshold concentration, such that the IE and %SI consumption profiles will both decline sufficiently over time, possibly even as early as 0.5 hour after mixing. The SI consumption profiles obtained testing an extensive range of phosphonate and polymeric SIs are compared and discussed. Normally a phosphorus-containing SI is selected for evaluation, to facilitate assay of SI by means of inductively coupled plasma (ICP) spectroscopy. However, intriguing results are also presented where selected polymeric SIs were assayed by non-ICP analytical techniques. We interpret this extensive series of SI lattice consumption experiments in terms of the mechanisms of barite inhibition and Type 1 / Type 2 SI classifications presented in previous papers (Shaw et al., 2012a, 2012b).
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages1-26
    Number of pages26
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Apr 2013
    EventSPE International Symposium on Oilfield Chemistry - Houston, United States
    Duration: 18 Feb 199721 Feb 1997

    Conference

    ConferenceSPE International Symposium on Oilfield Chemistry
    CountryUnited States
    CityHouston
    Period18/02/9721/02/97

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  • Cite this

    Shaw, S., & Sorbie, K. S. (2013). Scale inhibitor consumption in long-term static barium sulphate inhibition efficiency tests. 1-26. Paper presented at SPE International Symposium on Oilfield Chemistry, Houston, United States. https://doi.org/10.2118/164052-MS