SARS-CoV-2 invasion of the central nervous: a brief review.

Ruqaiyyah Siddiqui, Mohammad Ridwane Mungroo, Naveed Ahmed Khan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

There is increasing evidence of the ability of the novel coronavirus to invade the central nervous system (CNS). But how does a respiratory virus invade the highly protected CNS? Here, we reviewed available literature and case reports to determine CNS involvement in COVID-19, and to identify potential regions of the brain that may be affected by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and its possible route of entry into the brain to identify its pathogenicity. Based on the symptoms, the parietal lobe and the cerebellum are the likely targets of SARS-CoV-2; however, further work is needed to elucidate this. The presence of ACE2, used by SARS-CoV-2 for cell entry, in the brain as well as detection of the virus in the cerebrospinal fluid, further assert that SARS-COV-2 targets the brain, and therefore, medical practitioners should take that into account when dealing with patients suffering from COVID-19.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)157-163
Number of pages7
JournalHospital Practice
Volume49
Issue number3
Early online date1 Mar 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 27 May 2021

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