Rovibrational energy transfer in the 4vCH manifold of acetylene, viewed by IR-UV double resonance spectroscopy. 1. Foundation studies at low J

Mark A. Payne, Angela P. Milce, Michael J. Frost, Brian J. Orr

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Time-resolved infrared-ultraviolet double resonance (IR-UV DR) spectroscopy is used to prepare acetylene molecules (C2H2) in specific rovibrational states of the 12 700 cm-1 4vCH manifold of the electronic groundstate X~, monitoring their direct excitation and collision-induced state-to-state energy transfer, by probing at ~299 or ~296 nm with laser-induced fluorescence via the à electronic state. The 4vCH manifold derives much of its IR brightness from the (v1 + 3v3) combination band, such that many of the rotational levels J monitored by IR-UV DR are derived from the (1 0 3 0 0)0 vibrational state. The 4vCH manifold of C2H2 is congested and affected by anharmonic, l-resonance, and Coriolis couplings that cause other IR-dark, UV-bright rovibrational levels to attain appreciable IR-UV DR intensity and to add to the complexity of intramolecular dynamics in that manifold. Consequently, collision-induced rovibrational satellites observed by IR-UV DR comprise not only regular even-?J features but also supposedly forbidden odd-?J features, of which the energy-transfer channel from J = 12 to J = 1 is particularly efficient. This paper focuses on low-J rovibrational levels of the 4vCH manifold, particularly those with J = 0 and J = 1 in view of their anomalously large Stark effects that are likely to make them susceptible to collision-induced rovibrational mixing. Three complementary forms of IR-UV DR experiment are reported: IR-scanned, UV-scanned, and kinetic. These indicate that strong IR-UV DR signals observed by probing the (1 0 3 0 0)0 J = 0 rovibrational level are complicated by underlying IR-dark, UV-bright states, making J = 0 unsuitable for systematic IR-UV DR studies. The (1 0 3 0 0)0 J = 1 rovibrational level is more amenable to unambiguous characterization and yields insight concerning even- and odd-?J collision-induced rovibrational energy transfer and associated mechanisms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10759-10770
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry A
Volume107
Issue number49
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 11 Dec 2003

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acetylene
energy transfer
spectroscopy
collisions
Stark effect
electronics
vibrational states
laser induced fluorescence
brightness
causes
kinetics
excitation
molecules

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Payne, Mark A. ; Milce, Angela P. ; Frost, Michael J. ; Orr, Brian J. / Rovibrational energy transfer in the 4vCH manifold of acetylene, viewed by IR-UV double resonance spectroscopy. 1. Foundation studies at low J. In: Journal of Physical Chemistry A. 2003 ; Vol. 107, No. 49. pp. 10759-10770.
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abstract = "Time-resolved infrared-ultraviolet double resonance (IR-UV DR) spectroscopy is used to prepare acetylene molecules (C2H2) in specific rovibrational states of the 12 700 cm-1 4vCH manifold of the electronic groundstate X~, monitoring their direct excitation and collision-induced state-to-state energy transfer, by probing at ~299 or ~296 nm with laser-induced fluorescence via the {\~A} electronic state. The 4vCH manifold derives much of its IR brightness from the (v1 + 3v3) combination band, such that many of the rotational levels J monitored by IR-UV DR are derived from the (1 0 3 0 0)0 vibrational state. The 4vCH manifold of C2H2 is congested and affected by anharmonic, l-resonance, and Coriolis couplings that cause other IR-dark, UV-bright rovibrational levels to attain appreciable IR-UV DR intensity and to add to the complexity of intramolecular dynamics in that manifold. Consequently, collision-induced rovibrational satellites observed by IR-UV DR comprise not only regular even-?J features but also supposedly forbidden odd-?J features, of which the energy-transfer channel from J = 12 to J = 1 is particularly efficient. This paper focuses on low-J rovibrational levels of the 4vCH manifold, particularly those with J = 0 and J = 1 in view of their anomalously large Stark effects that are likely to make them susceptible to collision-induced rovibrational mixing. Three complementary forms of IR-UV DR experiment are reported: IR-scanned, UV-scanned, and kinetic. These indicate that strong IR-UV DR signals observed by probing the (1 0 3 0 0)0 J = 0 rovibrational level are complicated by underlying IR-dark, UV-bright states, making J = 0 unsuitable for systematic IR-UV DR studies. The (1 0 3 0 0)0 J = 1 rovibrational level is more amenable to unambiguous characterization and yields insight concerning even- and odd-?J collision-induced rovibrational energy transfer and associated mechanisms.",
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Rovibrational energy transfer in the 4vCH manifold of acetylene, viewed by IR-UV double resonance spectroscopy. 1. Foundation studies at low J. / Payne, Mark A.; Milce, Angela P.; Frost, Michael J.; Orr, Brian J.

In: Journal of Physical Chemistry A, Vol. 107, No. 49, 11.12.2003, p. 10759-10770.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - Time-resolved infrared-ultraviolet double resonance (IR-UV DR) spectroscopy is used to prepare acetylene molecules (C2H2) in specific rovibrational states of the 12 700 cm-1 4vCH manifold of the electronic groundstate X~, monitoring their direct excitation and collision-induced state-to-state energy transfer, by probing at ~299 or ~296 nm with laser-induced fluorescence via the à electronic state. The 4vCH manifold derives much of its IR brightness from the (v1 + 3v3) combination band, such that many of the rotational levels J monitored by IR-UV DR are derived from the (1 0 3 0 0)0 vibrational state. The 4vCH manifold of C2H2 is congested and affected by anharmonic, l-resonance, and Coriolis couplings that cause other IR-dark, UV-bright rovibrational levels to attain appreciable IR-UV DR intensity and to add to the complexity of intramolecular dynamics in that manifold. Consequently, collision-induced rovibrational satellites observed by IR-UV DR comprise not only regular even-?J features but also supposedly forbidden odd-?J features, of which the energy-transfer channel from J = 12 to J = 1 is particularly efficient. This paper focuses on low-J rovibrational levels of the 4vCH manifold, particularly those with J = 0 and J = 1 in view of their anomalously large Stark effects that are likely to make them susceptible to collision-induced rovibrational mixing. Three complementary forms of IR-UV DR experiment are reported: IR-scanned, UV-scanned, and kinetic. These indicate that strong IR-UV DR signals observed by probing the (1 0 3 0 0)0 J = 0 rovibrational level are complicated by underlying IR-dark, UV-bright states, making J = 0 unsuitable for systematic IR-UV DR studies. The (1 0 3 0 0)0 J = 1 rovibrational level is more amenable to unambiguous characterization and yields insight concerning even- and odd-?J collision-induced rovibrational energy transfer and associated mechanisms.

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