We report the direct angle-resolved measurement of collision-induced alignment of short-lived electronically excited molecules using crossed atomic and molecular beams. Utilizing velocity-mapped ion imaging, we measure the alignment of NO in its first electronically excited state (A(2)Sigma(+)) following single collisions with Ne atoms. We prepare A(2)Sigma(+) (nu = 0, N = 0, j = 0.5) and by comparing images obtained using orthogonal linear probe laser polarizations, we experimentally determine the degree of alignment induced by collisional rotational excitation for the final rotational states N' = 4, S, 7, and 9. The experimental results are compared to theoretical predictions using both a simple dassical hard-shell model and quantum scattering calculations on an ab initio potential energy surface (PES). The experimental results show overall trends in the scattering-angle dependent polarization sensitivity that are accounted for by the simple classical model, but structure in the scattering-angle dependence that is not. The quantum scattering calculations qualitatively reproduce this structure, and we demonstrate that the experimental measurements have the sensitivity to critique the best available potential surfaces. This sensitivity to the PES is in contrast to that predicted for ground-state NO(X) alignment.
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||Journal of Physical Chemistry A|
|Early online date||23 Apr 2013|
|Publication status||Published - 29 Aug 2013|
- DIFFERENTIAL CROSS-SECTIONS
- POTENTIAL-ENERGY SURFACES
- (2)PI)AR SYSTEM