Role of unsaturated soil above a heavily contaminated aquifer in the natural attenuation of arsenic

Nadia Martínez-Villegas, Andrea del Pilar Gomez, Armando Zamora-Morales, Jejanny Lucero Hernandez-Martinez, Diana Meza-Figueora, Bhaskar Sen Gupta

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Large attenuation of arsenic is observed in a shallow aquifer in central Mexico, where the concentration decreases from 91.5 to 11.3 mg/L, over 1.3 km horizontal distance. To investigate possible mechanisms of attenuation of this pollutant, we dug a pit between the surface and the saturated zone. We then described the soil profile and determined arsenic and iron concentrations in soil samples as a function of depth. Next, we determined particle size distribution, bulk density, particle density, soil moisture and porosity of the soil material. We also analyzed arsenic concentration in the groundwater. The 2.2 m deep profile intersected 4 soil horizons (A, AB, B1 and B2). We found arsenic accumulation in the B2 horizon, directly overlying the saturated zone. These accumulations coincide with the thickness of the capillary fringe, revealing that arsenic is drawn up in the soil profile by capillary rise of arsenic-contaminated groundwater. Furthermore, arsenic accumulation showed a direct relationship with iron, likely due to arsenic adsorption on iron oxides. Results from this study contribute to understanding a capillary-driven natural attenuation mechanism that removes contaminants from groundwater by sinking them in the capillary fringe.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication16th International Symposium on Water-Rock Interaction (WRI-16)
PublisherEDP Sciences
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Jun 2019
Event16th International Symposium on Water-Rock Interaction 2019 - Tomsk, Russian Federation
Duration: 21 Jul 201926 Jul 2019
Conference number: WRI-16
https://www.e3s-conferences.org/articles/e3sconf/abs/2019/24/e3sconf_wri-162018_09017/e3sconf_wri-162018_09017.html

Publication series

NameE3S Web of Conferences
Volume98
ISSN (Electronic)2267-1242

Conference

Conference16th International Symposium on Water-Rock Interaction 2019
CountryRussian Federation
CityTomsk
Period21/07/1926/07/19
Internet address

Fingerprint

natural attenuation
arsenic
aquifer
soil
capillary fringe
phreatic zone
groundwater
soil profile
iron
pollutant
soil horizon
iron oxide
bulk density
soil moisture
porosity
particle size
adsorption

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Energy(all)
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

Cite this

Martínez-Villegas, N., del Pilar Gomez, A., Zamora-Morales, A., Hernandez-Martinez, J. L., Meza-Figueora, D., & Sen Gupta, B. (2019). Role of unsaturated soil above a heavily contaminated aquifer in the natural attenuation of arsenic. In 16th International Symposium on Water-Rock Interaction (WRI-16) [09017] (E3S Web of Conferences; Vol. 98). EDP Sciences. https://doi.org/10.1051/e3sconf/20199809017
Martínez-Villegas, Nadia ; del Pilar Gomez, Andrea ; Zamora-Morales, Armando ; Hernandez-Martinez, Jejanny Lucero ; Meza-Figueora, Diana ; Sen Gupta, Bhaskar. / Role of unsaturated soil above a heavily contaminated aquifer in the natural attenuation of arsenic. 16th International Symposium on Water-Rock Interaction (WRI-16). EDP Sciences, 2019. (E3S Web of Conferences).
@inproceedings{dafa8ba37879417cb0f65917e36b93cc,
title = "Role of unsaturated soil above a heavily contaminated aquifer in the natural attenuation of arsenic",
abstract = "Large attenuation of arsenic is observed in a shallow aquifer in central Mexico, where the concentration decreases from 91.5 to 11.3 mg/L, over 1.3 km horizontal distance. To investigate possible mechanisms of attenuation of this pollutant, we dug a pit between the surface and the saturated zone. We then described the soil profile and determined arsenic and iron concentrations in soil samples as a function of depth. Next, we determined particle size distribution, bulk density, particle density, soil moisture and porosity of the soil material. We also analyzed arsenic concentration in the groundwater. The 2.2 m deep profile intersected 4 soil horizons (A, AB, B1 and B2). We found arsenic accumulation in the B2 horizon, directly overlying the saturated zone. These accumulations coincide with the thickness of the capillary fringe, revealing that arsenic is drawn up in the soil profile by capillary rise of arsenic-contaminated groundwater. Furthermore, arsenic accumulation showed a direct relationship with iron, likely due to arsenic adsorption on iron oxides. Results from this study contribute to understanding a capillary-driven natural attenuation mechanism that removes contaminants from groundwater by sinking them in the capillary fringe.",
author = "Nadia Mart{\'i}nez-Villegas and {del Pilar Gomez}, Andrea and Armando Zamora-Morales and Hernandez-Martinez, {Jejanny Lucero} and Diana Meza-Figueora and {Sen Gupta}, Bhaskar",
year = "2019",
month = "6",
day = "7",
doi = "10.1051/e3sconf/20199809017",
language = "English",
series = "E3S Web of Conferences",
publisher = "EDP Sciences",
booktitle = "16th International Symposium on Water-Rock Interaction (WRI-16)",
address = "France",

}

Martínez-Villegas, N, del Pilar Gomez, A, Zamora-Morales, A, Hernandez-Martinez, JL, Meza-Figueora, D & Sen Gupta, B 2019, Role of unsaturated soil above a heavily contaminated aquifer in the natural attenuation of arsenic. in 16th International Symposium on Water-Rock Interaction (WRI-16)., 09017, E3S Web of Conferences, vol. 98, EDP Sciences, 16th International Symposium on Water-Rock Interaction 2019, Tomsk, Russian Federation, 21/07/19. https://doi.org/10.1051/e3sconf/20199809017

Role of unsaturated soil above a heavily contaminated aquifer in the natural attenuation of arsenic. / Martínez-Villegas, Nadia; del Pilar Gomez, Andrea; Zamora-Morales, Armando ; Hernandez-Martinez, Jejanny Lucero; Meza-Figueora, Diana ; Sen Gupta, Bhaskar.

16th International Symposium on Water-Rock Interaction (WRI-16). EDP Sciences, 2019. 09017 (E3S Web of Conferences; Vol. 98).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

TY - GEN

T1 - Role of unsaturated soil above a heavily contaminated aquifer in the natural attenuation of arsenic

AU - Martínez-Villegas, Nadia

AU - del Pilar Gomez, Andrea

AU - Zamora-Morales, Armando

AU - Hernandez-Martinez, Jejanny Lucero

AU - Meza-Figueora, Diana

AU - Sen Gupta, Bhaskar

PY - 2019/6/7

Y1 - 2019/6/7

N2 - Large attenuation of arsenic is observed in a shallow aquifer in central Mexico, where the concentration decreases from 91.5 to 11.3 mg/L, over 1.3 km horizontal distance. To investigate possible mechanisms of attenuation of this pollutant, we dug a pit between the surface and the saturated zone. We then described the soil profile and determined arsenic and iron concentrations in soil samples as a function of depth. Next, we determined particle size distribution, bulk density, particle density, soil moisture and porosity of the soil material. We also analyzed arsenic concentration in the groundwater. The 2.2 m deep profile intersected 4 soil horizons (A, AB, B1 and B2). We found arsenic accumulation in the B2 horizon, directly overlying the saturated zone. These accumulations coincide with the thickness of the capillary fringe, revealing that arsenic is drawn up in the soil profile by capillary rise of arsenic-contaminated groundwater. Furthermore, arsenic accumulation showed a direct relationship with iron, likely due to arsenic adsorption on iron oxides. Results from this study contribute to understanding a capillary-driven natural attenuation mechanism that removes contaminants from groundwater by sinking them in the capillary fringe.

AB - Large attenuation of arsenic is observed in a shallow aquifer in central Mexico, where the concentration decreases from 91.5 to 11.3 mg/L, over 1.3 km horizontal distance. To investigate possible mechanisms of attenuation of this pollutant, we dug a pit between the surface and the saturated zone. We then described the soil profile and determined arsenic and iron concentrations in soil samples as a function of depth. Next, we determined particle size distribution, bulk density, particle density, soil moisture and porosity of the soil material. We also analyzed arsenic concentration in the groundwater. The 2.2 m deep profile intersected 4 soil horizons (A, AB, B1 and B2). We found arsenic accumulation in the B2 horizon, directly overlying the saturated zone. These accumulations coincide with the thickness of the capillary fringe, revealing that arsenic is drawn up in the soil profile by capillary rise of arsenic-contaminated groundwater. Furthermore, arsenic accumulation showed a direct relationship with iron, likely due to arsenic adsorption on iron oxides. Results from this study contribute to understanding a capillary-driven natural attenuation mechanism that removes contaminants from groundwater by sinking them in the capillary fringe.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85067276756&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1051/e3sconf/20199809017

DO - 10.1051/e3sconf/20199809017

M3 - Conference contribution

T3 - E3S Web of Conferences

BT - 16th International Symposium on Water-Rock Interaction (WRI-16)

PB - EDP Sciences

ER -

Martínez-Villegas N, del Pilar Gomez A, Zamora-Morales A, Hernandez-Martinez JL, Meza-Figueora D, Sen Gupta B. Role of unsaturated soil above a heavily contaminated aquifer in the natural attenuation of arsenic. In 16th International Symposium on Water-Rock Interaction (WRI-16). EDP Sciences. 2019. 09017. (E3S Web of Conferences). https://doi.org/10.1051/e3sconf/20199809017