Robust gait recognition by learning and exploiting sub-gait characteristics

Ibrahim Venkat Venkatasubramanian, Philippe De Wilde

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)


Gait recognition algorithms often perform poorly because of low resolution video sequences, subjective human motion and challenging outdoor scenarios. Despite these challenges, gait recognition research is gaining momentum due to increasing demand and more possibilities for deployment by the surveillance industry. Therefore every research contribution which significantly improves this new biometric is a milestone. We propose a probabilistic sub-gait interpretation model to recognize gaits. A sub-gait is defined by us as part of the silhouette of a moving body. Binary silhouettes of gait video sequences form the basic input of our approach. A novel modular training scheme has been introduced in this research to efficiently learn subtle sub-gait characteristics from the gait domain. For a given gait sequence, we get useful information from the sub-gaits by identifying and exploiting intrinsic relationships using Bayesian networks. Finally, by incorporating efficient inference strategies, robust decisions are made for recognizing gaits. Our results show that the proposed model tackles well the uncertainties imposed by typical covariate factors and shows significant recognition performance. © 2010 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7-23
Number of pages17
JournalInternational Journal of Computer Vision
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2011


  • Bayesian Network
  • Biometrics
  • Gait recognition
  • Human motion analysis
  • Machine learning


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