Rights and Ownership in Sea Country: Implications of marine renewable energy for indigenous and local communities

Sandy Kerr, Kate R Johnson, John Colton, Wright, Glen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The adoption of UN Convention of the Law of the Sea in 1982 created optimism for indigenous peoples and marginalised coastal communities that they may (re)gain control of, or improve access to, marine resources. However concerns were also raised that opening the seas to industrial development might create threats for traditional users of the sea. Twenty-five years later the potential enclosure of large areas of coastal seas to marine renewable energy development is reigniting debates about marine governance, access and control over marine resources. Case studies in Scotland, Canada, New Zealand and Australia reveal a dynamic tension between: an economic development ‘blue growth’ agenda requiring the creation of private rights in the sea; and socio-political drivers which seek to address historic injustices and increase access to natural resources by indigenous and marginalised coastal communities. As yet there is little evidence of this tension being adequately addressed by emerging institutional frameworks for managing marine resources.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)108-115
Number of pages8
JournalMarine Policy
Volume52
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2015

Keywords

  • Blue Growth, Marine Renewable Energy, Marine Governance, Marine Planning, Indigenous marine rights

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