Rheology of natural hydraulic limes for masonry repair

Phillip Frank Gower Banfill, Leo Shimizu

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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The rheology of a series of mortars made with natural hydraulic limes (NHLs) from four manufacturers, commercially available in the UK, in conjunction with two Scottish sands, was determined. Rheologically, mortars conform to the Bingham model and the yield stress and plastic viscosity vary significantly between the various NHLs. As a consequence, when used on site, the water content necessary to achieve a consistent rheology varies over a two-fold range. Since site workers adjust water content to achieve a consistent rheology, this range will have a serious effect on the properties and performance of the hardened mortar in service.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 4th Historic Mortars Conference
EditorsIoanna Papayianni, Maria Stefanidou, Vasiliki Pachta
PublisherAristotle University of Thessaloniki
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)9789609992237
Publication statusPublished - 17 Oct 2016
Event4th Historic Mortars Conference 2016 - Santorini, Fira, Greece
Duration: 10 Oct 201612 Oct 2016
Conference number: 4


Conference4th Historic Mortars Conference 2016
Abbreviated titleHMC4


  • lime mortar
  • rheology


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