Retorting Photocorrosion and Enhanced Charge Carrier Separation at CdSe Nanocapsules by Chemically Synthesized TiO2 Shell for Photocatalytic Hydrogen Fuel Generation

Vempuluru Navakoteswara Rao, Sudhagar Pitchaimuthu, Parnapalle Ravi, Marappan Sathish, Hyungkyu Han, Shankar Muthukonda Venkatakrishnan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Metal chalcogenide-based semiconductor nanostructures are promising candidates for photocatalytic or photoelectrocatalytic hydrogen generation. In order to protect CdSe from photocorrosion, a layer of TiO2 wrapped (shell) onto CdSe (core) nanocapsule via the post-synthesis process. The morphology studies confirm that a thin crystalline TiO2 shell (3–8 nm) wrapped in all the three directions onto CdSe core and thickness of the shell can be controlled through modulating the titania precursor concentration. The feasibility of pristine CdSe nanocapsules and CdSe@TiO2 in transforming visible light to hydrogen conversion was tested through photocatalysis reaction. The CdSe@TiO2 nanocapsules generated a four-fold high rate of hydrogen gas (21 mmol.h−1.g−1cat) than pristine CdSe. In order to understand the role of shell@core, we have studied the photoelectrochemical and impedance analysis. The CdSe@TiO2 nanocapsules showed higher photoelectric current generation and lower charge transfer resistance at electrode/electrolyte interfaces compared to pristine CdSe. These studies endorse that chemically synthesized crystalline TiO2 shell played a multifunctional role in (a) surface passivation from photocorrosion, (b) promoting photocharge carrier separation via tunneling process between CdSe and TiO2 interface. As a result, CdSe@TiO2 nanocapsules showed a high conversion efficiency of 12.9 % under visible light irradiation (328−2) and a TOF of 0.05018 s−1.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3139-3152
Number of pages14
Issue number11
Early online date7 May 2020
Publication statusPublished - 5 Jun 2020


  • CdSe
  • hydrogen generation
  • nanocapsules
  • photocatalyst
  • solar

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry


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