Results of the 18-month test with MEA at the post-combustion capture pilot plant at Niederaussem – new impetus to solvent management, emissions and dynamic behaviour

Peter Moser, Georg Wiechers, Sandra Schmidt, Juliana Garcia Moretz-Sohn Monteiro, Charithea Charalambous, Susana Garcia, Eva Sanchez Fernandez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

An almost continuous 13,000 h long-term testing under real operating conditions was conducted at the post combustion capture pilot plant in the Niederaussem lignite-fired power plant, with a 30 wt% aqueous monoethanolamine (MEA) solvent solution. The capture plant at Niederaussem shows lower solvent consumption and emissions in comparison to other testing facilities, which are also part of the ALIGN-CCUS project (capture plant at Technology Centre Mongstad (NOR), pilot rig at Tiller (NOR), PACT facilities at Sheffield (UK)). One of the key activities of the ALIGN-CCUS project is to investigate how the time-dependent degradation products and trace components that might act as catalysts for degradation develop over long-term operation, as well as which countermeasures against degradation could be applied. Particularly, it was tested if critical threshold values for the iron ion concentration from literature could be confirmed. Therefore, partial solvent inventory replacement by “Bleed and Feed” and solvent reclaiming based on ion exchange were applied. Dedicated test campaigns on the dynamic behaviour of the capture plant were also carried out and MEA emissions under transient conditions were investigated. Important results are: (i) the confirmation of the non-linear degradation behaviour of MEA; (ii) a different degradation behaviour of MEA in comparison to shorter testing campaigns at other pilot plants regarding the main degradation product acetate; (iii) no critical threshold concentration of iron in the solvent was detected; (iv) very low emissions of MEA < 3 mg/m³ and <10 mg/m³ even under transient operating conditions could be reached; and (v) no aerosol formation occurred.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102945
JournalInternational Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control
Volume95
Early online date24 Dec 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2020

Keywords

  • Dynamic operation
  • Emissions
  • Ion exchange
  • MEA
  • Pilot plant
  • Solvent consumption
  • Solvent degradation
  • Solvent management

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pollution
  • Energy(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

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