This paper presents the findings of a study into the impact of reservoir flow behavior on the scaling risk at production wells and the options for managing this scaling risk for a deepwater sandstone reservoir in the Gulf of Mexico. One significant feature in this field is that flow takes place through isolated formation layers, and choices made regarding the seawater-injection wells have a great impact, not only on the barium sulfate (BaSO4) scaling tendency, but also on the placement of scale-inhibitor squeeze treatments in the producers. In addition to seawater injection, oil production is supported by the aquifer. The first stage of this study involved identifying the split between connate water, aquifer water, and seawater in the produced brine. This provided data that could be used to calculate the evolution of the scaling risk over the life cycle of each well. The formation brines contained barium, the injection water was full-sulfate seawater, and the relative proportion of brine (the water-production rate, pressure, and temperature conditions) determined the scaling risk. The evaluation of the extent of reactions between the injection water (sulfate) and formation water (barium) from injection to production well can result in a significant reduction in the available barium within the produced water, and hence, the scaling risk and scale-inhibitor concentration required for prevention of scale deposition. In this study, because the injection wells were completed with inflow-control valves (ICVs), the opportunity was given to manage the injection split by means of these ICVs, not only to improve sweep efficiency, but also to balance reservoir pressures and make squeeze treatments more efficient. This study will present the squeeze-treatment volumes and estimated treatment lifetimes possible for two scenarios for the water-injection application to this deepwater field. The implications of this type of study will be highlighted in terms of the options that these data will allow an operator to consider before commissioning water injection in these challenging environments.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||SPE Production and Operations|
|Publication status||Published - 2014|
|Event||SPE International Symposium and Exhibition on Formation Damage Control - Lafayette, Louisiana, United States|
Duration: 26 Feb 2014 → 28 Feb 2014
- DEEP-WATER DEVELOPMENTS
- SULFATE SCALE
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Eric James Mackay
- School of Energy, Geoscience, Infrastructure and Society, Institute for GeoEnergy Engineering - Professor
- School of Energy, Geoscience, Infrastructure and Society - Professor
Person: Academic (Research & Teaching)