Relaxation dynamics of photoexcited resorcinol: internal conversion versus H atom tunnelling

Jamie D. Young, Michael Staniforth, Adam S. Chatterley, Martin J. Paterson, Gareth M. Roberts, Vasilios G. Stavros

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Abstract

The excited state dynamics of resorcinol (1,3-dihydroxybenzene) following UV excitation at a range of pump wavelengths, 278 >= lambda >= 255 nm, have been investigated using a combination of time-resolved velocity map ion imaging and ultrafast time-resolved ion yield measurements coupled with complementary ab initio calculations. After excitation to the 1(pi pi)(1)* state we extract a timescale, tau(1), for excited state relaxation that decreases as a function of excitation energy from 2.70 ns to similar to 120 ps. This is assigned to competing relaxation mechanisms. Tunnelling beneath the 1(pi pi)(1)*/1(pi sigma)* conical intersection, followed by coupling onto the dissociative 1(pi sigma)* state, yields H atoms born with high kinetic energy (similar to 5000 cm(-1)). This mechanism is in competition with an internal conversion process that is able to transfer population from the photoexcited 1(pi pi)(1)* state back to a vibrationally excited ground state, S-0*. When exciting between 264-260 nm a second decay component, tau(2), is observed and we put forth several possible explanations as to the origins of tau(2), including conformer specific dynamics. Excitation with 237 nm light (above the 1(pi pi)(1)*/(1)(pi sigma)* conical inter-section) yields high kinetic energy H atoms (similar to 11000 cm(-1)) produced in similar to 260 fs, in line with a mechanism involving ultrafast coupling between the 1(pi pi)(1)* (or 2(pi pi)(1)*) and 1(pi sigma)* state followed by dissociation. The results presented highlight the profound effect the presence of additional functional groups, and more specifically the precise location of the functional groups, can have on the excited state dynamics of model heteroaromatic systems following UV excitation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)550-562
Number of pages13
JournalPhysical Chemistry Chemical Physics
Volume16
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • RESOLVED PHOTOELECTRON-SPECTROSCOPY
  • MULTIREFERENCE PERTURBATION-THEORY
  • VIBRATIONAL-ENERGY REDISTRIBUTION
  • RESOLUTION UV SPECTROSCOPY
  • EXCITED-STATE
  • GAS-PHASE
  • RNA BASES
  • CONICAL INTERSECTIONS
  • ULTRAFAST DYNAMICS
  • INDOLE MOLECULE

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