Regional variation in bycatches associated with king scallop (Pecten maximus L.) dredge fisheries

Claire L. Szostek, Lee G. Murray, Ewen Bell, Gwladys Lambert, Michel J. Kaiser

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
28 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The biomass and composition of bycatch from king scallop dredge fisheries was assessed and compared between the English Channel, Cardigan Bay in Wales and around the Isle of Man. Bycatch composition varied significantly at localised, and broad, geographic scales. The mean proportion of scallop dredge bycatch biomass in the English Channel was 19% of total catch biomass. The proportion of bycatch was lower in Cardigan Bay (15%) but notably higher around the Isle of Man (53%). The proportion of individual bycatch species in dredge catches were low, therefore scallop dredging is unlikely to cause a substantial increase the population mortality of individual commercially fished species beyond that caused by the target fisheries for those species, or bycatches of other fisheries. The amount and mortality of organisms left on the seabed in the dredge path was not quantified in this study but should also be considered in management of the fishery. The discard rate of finfish and shellfish of commercial value from the king scallop dredge fishery in the English Channel was between 18 and 100%, with a higher rate of discarding occurring in the eastern English Channel compared to the west. The clear regional differences in bycatch composition and variation in the quantity of discards mean that an area by area approach to managing bycatch species is required in relation to the king scallop dredge fishery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalMarine Environmental Research
Volume123
Early online date10 Nov 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2017

Keywords

  • Bycatch
  • Dredging
  • Fisheries
  • North-east Atlantic
  • Pecten maximus
  • Scallop fisheries
  • Scallops

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Pollution

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