The powerful ultrafast laser inscription technique is used to fabricate optical waveguides in gallium lanthanum sulphide substrates. For the first time the refractive index profile and the dispersion of such ultrafast laser inscribed waveguides are experimentally measured. In addition the Zero Dispersion Wavelength of both the waveguides and bulk substrate is experimentally determined. The Zero Dispersion Wavelength was determined to be between 3.66 and 3.71 mu m for the waveguides and about 3.61 mu m for the bulk. This work paves the way for realizing ultrafast laser inscribed waveguide devices in gallium lanthanum sulphide glasses for near and mid-IR applications.
- CHALCOGENIDE GLASS-FIBER