Reefs of the deep: the biology and geology of cold-water coral ecosystems

J Murray Roberts, Andrew J Wheeler, André Freiwald

    Research output: Contribution to journalLiterature reviewpeer-review

    784 Citations (SciVal)


    Coral reefs are generally associated with shallow tropical seas; however, recent deep-ocean exploration using advanced acoustics and submersibles has revealed unexpectedly widespread and diverse coral ecosystems in deep waters on continental shelves, slopes, seamounts, and ridge systems around the world. Advances reviewed here include the use of corals as paleoclimatic archives and their biogeological functioning, biodiversity, and biogeography. Threats to these fragile, long-lived, and rich ecosystems are mounting: The impacts of deep-water trawling are already widespread, and effects of ocean acidification are potentially devastating.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)543-547
    Number of pages5
    Issue number5773
    Publication statusPublished - 28 Apr 2006


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