Reconstructing high-dimensional two-photon entangled states via compressive sensing

Francesco Tonolini, Susan Chan, Megan Agnew, Alan Lindsay, Jonathan Leach

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)
54 Downloads (Pure)


Accurately establishing the state of large-scale quantum systems is an important tool in quantum information science; however, the large number of unknown parameters hinders the rapid characterisation of such states, and reconstruction procedures can become prohibitively time-consuming. Compressive sensing, a procedure for solving inverse problems by incorporating prior knowledge about the form of the solution, provides an attractive alternative to the problem of high-dimensional quantum state characterisation. Using a modified version of compressive sensing that incorporates the principles of singular value thresholding, we reconstruct the density matrix of a high-dimensional two-photon entangled system. The dimension of each photon is equal to d = 17, corresponding to a system of 83521 unknown real parameters. Accurate reconstruction is achieved with approximately 2500 measurements, only 3% of the total number of unknown parameters in the state. The algorithm we develop is fast, computationally inexpensive, and applicable to a wide range of quantum states, thus demonstrating compressive sensing as an effective technique for measuring the state of large-scale quantum systems.
Original languageEnglish
Article number6542
JournalScientific Reports
Publication statusPublished - 13 Oct 2014


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