Recent advances in the study of chemical surfaces and interfaces by specular neutron reflection

J. Penfold*, R. M. Richardson, A. Zarbakhsh, J. R P Webster, D. G. Bucknall, A. R. Rennie, R. A L Jones, T. Cosgrove, R. K. Thomas, J. S. Higgins, P. D I Fletcher, E. Dickinson, S. J. Roser, I. A. McLure, A. R. Hillman, R. W. Richards, E. J. Staples, A. N. Burgess, E. A. Simister, J. W. White

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

322 Citations (Scopus)


The use of specular neutron reflection to study a wide variety of problems in surface and interfacial chemistry is introduced and discussed. Recent developments in neutron reflectometry instrumentation, and their implementation in the design of the SURF reflectometer at the ISIS pulsed neutron source, are described. The design of the SURF reflectometer has been optimised for the surface chemistry of soft matter and new experimental results that exploit the novel features of this second generation neutron reflectometer are presented and discussed in the context of the opportunities for future studies that the technique and the new instrumentation presents. The examples from the broad programme in surface chemistry include surfactant and polymer adsorption at the air/liquid and liquid/solid interfaces, adsorption at the liquid/liquid interface; Langmuir-Blodgett films and liquid crystalline alignment layers, thin solid polymer films and interfaces; liquid mixtures and in situ electrochemistry.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3899-3917
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of the Chemical Society, Faraday Transactions
Issue number22
Publication statusPublished - 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


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