Recent advances and future challenges for massive MIMO channel measurements and models

Cheng-Xiang Wang*, Shangbin Wu, Lu Bai, Xiaohu You, Jing Wang, Chih Lin I

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

91 Citations (Scopus)


The emerging fifth generation (5G) wireless communication system raises new requirements on spectral efficiency and energy efficiency. A massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) system, equipped with tens or even hundreds of antennas, is capable of providing significant improvements to spectral efficiency, energy efficiency, and robustness of the system. For the design, performance evaluation, and optimization of massive MIMO wireless communication systems, realistic channel models are indispensable. This article provides an overview of the latest developments in massive MIMO channel measurements and models. Also, we compare channel characteristics of four latest massive MIMO channel models, such as receiver spatial correlation functions and channel capacities. In addition, future challenges and research directions for massive MIMO channel measurements and modeling are identified.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-16
Number of pages16
JournalScience China Information Sciences
Issue number2
Early online date7 Jan 2016
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2016


  • 5G
  • channel capacity
  • massive MIMO channel measurements
  • massive MIMO channel models
  • non-stationary statistical properties

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)


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