"Rebound" effects from increased energy efficiency: a time to pause and reflect

Karen Turner*

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    112 Citations (Scopus)


    The phenomenon of rebound effects has sparked considerable academic, policy and press debate in recent years over the effectiveness of energy efficiency policy. There has been a huge surge in empirical studies claiming rebound effects of hugely varying magnitudes. The contention of this paper is that the lack of consensus in the literature is grounded in a rush to empirical estimation in the absence of solid analytical foundations. Focus on measuring a single "rebound" measure has led to a neglect of detail on precisely what type of change in energy use is considered in any one study and on the range of mechanisms governing the economy-wide response. This paper attempts to bring a reflective pause to the development of the rebound literature, with a view to identifying the key issues that policymakers need to understand and analysts need to focus their attention on.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)25-42
    Number of pages18
    JournalEnergy Journal
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - 28 Oct 2013


    • Energy demand
    • Energy efficiency
    • Energy supply
    • Rebound

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • General Energy
    • Economics and Econometrics


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