Channel modeling is of vital importance to the development and performance evaluation of wireless communication systems. Though many millimeter-wave (mmWave) channel models have been proposed, few of them concern about staircase environments. This paper analyzes the statistical characteristics of 60 GHz channels in a staircase environment with the transmitter (Tx) side fixed and the receiver (Rx) side moving, especially the variation of characteristics arising from the motion of receiver Rx. Fuzzy c-means (FCM) algorithm is applied in clustering procedure and the Kim-Park (K-P) index combined with the multipath component distance (MCD) are utilized to obtain the optimal cluster number. Simulation results show that almost all of the channel characteristics are related to the Euclidean distance between the Tx and Rx. Also, they are affected by building structures, which will provide guidance on the layout of communication devices.
- K-P index
- Ray tracing
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Computer Networks and Communications
- Hardware and Architecture
- Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality