Rapid Multifunctional Composite Part Manufacturing using Controlled In-situ Polymerization of PA6 Nanocomposite

Ranjeetkumar Gupta, Rokas Staknevicius, Ketan Pancholi*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
12 Downloads (Pure)


Currently, mass composite manufacturing is dominated by the fiber-reinforced thermosets due to the ease of its processing. However, the addition of multifunctionality to the thermoset composite requires an additional step of manufacturing. This work presents the single-step rapid manufacturing of bespoke designed multifunctional nanocomposite PA6 components. In this method, firstly, the liquid PA6 nanocomposite containing inorganic nano-inclusions was infused into a glass or carbon fibre matrix placed within the mould. Subsequently, the multifunctional composite component was formed via the anionic in-situ synthesis route. The flexibility of this method presented is akin to that of a polymer moulding process, which ensures a reduction in the manufacturing cycle times and increases the production efficiency of the bespoke component. The in-situ reaction is optimised by setting the specific volume of the activator, initiator and including polymer chain terminator, PEG. To prepare the polymer with at least 50% and above crystallinity, the most suitable activator-initiator combination was found to be 0.143 ml and 0.096 ml respectively, with 0.1 g of PEG-6000 for 5 g sample preparation. Such thermoplastic-based components can be easily recycled, present better impact resistance and can be easily formed or fused with heat; eliminating the cost and time associated with the assembly of composite part, unlike thermoset components.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)60-64
Number of pages5
JournalProcedia CIRP
Early online date30 Dec 2019
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Event2nd CIRP Conference on Composite Material Parts Manufacturing 2019 - Sheffield, United Kingdom
Duration: 10 Oct 201911 Oct 2019


  • Composite
  • Infusion
  • PA6 Polymer
  • Rapid Manufacturing
  • Thermoplastic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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