Conflicting reports implicate the scaffolding protein RACK1 in the progression of breast cancer. RACK1 has been identified as a key regulator downstream of growth factor and adhesion signalling and as a direct binding partner of PP2A. Our objective was to further characterise the interaction between PP2A and RACK1 and to advance our understanding of this complex in breast cancer cells. We examined how the PP2A holoenzyme is assembled on the RACK1 scaffold in MCF-7 cells. We used immobilized peptide arrays representing the entire PP2A-catalytic subunit to identify candidate amino acids on the C subunit of PP2A that might be involved in binding of RACK1. We identified the RACK1 interaction sites on PP2A. Stable cell lines expressing PP2A with FR69/70AA, R214A and Y218F substitutions were generated and it was confirmed that the RACK1/PP2A interaction is essential to stabilise PP2A activity. We used Real-Time Cell Analysis and a series of assays to demonstrate that disruption of the RACK1/PP2A complex also reduces the adhesion, proliferation, migration and invasion of breast cancer cells and plays a role in maintenance of the cancer phenotype. This work has significantly advanced our understanding of the RACK1/PP2A complex and suggests a pro-carcinogenic role for the RACK1/PP2A interaction. This work suggests that approaches to target the RACK1/PP2A complex are a viable option to regulate PP2A activity and identifies a novel potential therapeutic target in the treatment of breast cancer.
|Early online date||4 Sept 2016|
|Publication status||E-pub ahead of print - 4 Sept 2016|
- Breast cancer
- Protein-protein interactions
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology