Quasielastic neutron scattering study of poly(dimethyl siloxane) at high pressure

J. E. Roots, K. T. Ma, J. S. Higgins, V. Arrighi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The chain dynamics of poly(dimethyl siloxane) (PDMS) in the melt is studied in the pressure range 0.1 to 350 MPa using quasielastic neutron scattering. The pressure dependence of the average relaxation frequency gives an effective activation volume ?V = 20 cm3 mol-1 (33 Å3) at 398 K. The Vogel-Fulcher-Tammann equation is used to evaluate the pressure derivative of the glass transition temperature, ?T(g)/?P = 4.3 x 10-8 K Pa-1 (0.0044 K atm-1). It is further concluded that about one quarter of the increase in the mobility of PDMS chains with increasing temperature at constant pressure can be attributed to volume expansion; the remainder is due to an effect of temperature itself. Results from viscoelastic and neutron scattering measurements are also compared.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)137-141
Number of pages5
JournalPhysical Chemistry Chemical Physics
Volume1
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1999

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siloxanes
neutron scattering
pressure dependence
glass transition temperature
activation
expansion
temperature
scattering

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title = "Quasielastic neutron scattering study of poly(dimethyl siloxane) at high pressure",
abstract = "The chain dynamics of poly(dimethyl siloxane) (PDMS) in the melt is studied in the pressure range 0.1 to 350 MPa using quasielastic neutron scattering. The pressure dependence of the average relaxation frequency gives an effective activation volume ?V = 20 cm3 mol-1 (33 {\AA}3) at 398 K. The Vogel-Fulcher-Tammann equation is used to evaluate the pressure derivative of the glass transition temperature, ?T(g)/?P = 4.3 x 10-8 K Pa-1 (0.0044 K atm-1). It is further concluded that about one quarter of the increase in the mobility of PDMS chains with increasing temperature at constant pressure can be attributed to volume expansion; the remainder is due to an effect of temperature itself. Results from viscoelastic and neutron scattering measurements are also compared.",
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Quasielastic neutron scattering study of poly(dimethyl siloxane) at high pressure. / Roots, J. E.; Ma, K. T.; Higgins, J. S.; Arrighi, V.

In: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, Vol. 1, No. 1, 01.01.1999, p. 137-141.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Quasielastic neutron scattering study of poly(dimethyl siloxane) at high pressure

AU - Roots, J. E.

AU - Ma, K. T.

AU - Higgins, J. S.

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AB - The chain dynamics of poly(dimethyl siloxane) (PDMS) in the melt is studied in the pressure range 0.1 to 350 MPa using quasielastic neutron scattering. The pressure dependence of the average relaxation frequency gives an effective activation volume ?V = 20 cm3 mol-1 (33 Å3) at 398 K. The Vogel-Fulcher-Tammann equation is used to evaluate the pressure derivative of the glass transition temperature, ?T(g)/?P = 4.3 x 10-8 K Pa-1 (0.0044 K atm-1). It is further concluded that about one quarter of the increase in the mobility of PDMS chains with increasing temperature at constant pressure can be attributed to volume expansion; the remainder is due to an effect of temperature itself. Results from viscoelastic and neutron scattering measurements are also compared.

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