Quantum sensors based on weak-value amplification cannot overcome decoherence

George C. Knee, G. Andrew D. Briggs, Simon C. Benjamin, Erik M. Gauger

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Abstract

Sensors that harness exclusively quantum phenomena (such as entanglement) can achieve superior performance compared to those employing only classical principles. Recently, a technique based on postselected, weakly performed measurements has emerged as a method of overcoming technical noise in the detection and estimation of small interaction parameters, particularly in optical systems. The question of which other types of noise may be combated remains open. We here analyze whether the effect can overcome decoherence in a typical field-sensing scenario. Benchmarking a weak, postselected measurement strategy against a strong, direct strategy, we conclude that no advantage is achievable, and that even a small amount of decoherence proves catastrophic to the weak-value amplification technique. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.87.012115

Original languageEnglish
Article number012115
Number of pages8
JournalPhysical Review A
Volume87
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 Jan 2013

Keywords

  • SPIN
  • LIMIT
  • COMPONENT
  • STATES
  • LIGHT

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