Recently, quantum droplets have been demonstrated in dipolar Bose-Einstein condensates, where the long range (nonlocal) attractive interaction is counterbalanced by a local repulsive interaction . In this work, we investigate the formation of quantum droplets in a two-dimensional nonlocal fluid of light. Fluids of light allow us to control the geometry of the system, and thus introduce vorticity which in turn creates an artificial magnetic field for the quantum droplet. In a quantum fluid of light, the photons comprising the fluid are treated as a gas of interacting Bose-particles, where the nonlocal interaction comes from the nonlinearity inherent in the material, in our case an attractive third-order thermo-optical nonlinearity. In contrast to matter-wave droplets, photon fluid droplets are not stabilized by local particle-particle scattering, but from the quantum pressure itself, i.e., a balance between diffraction and the nonlocal nonlinearity.
|Title of host publication||European Quantum Electronics Conference 2017|
|Publication status||Published - 30 Oct 2017|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Mechanics of Materials