Quality of life in glaucoma and its relationship with visual function

Patricia Nelson, Peter Aspinall, Orestis Papasouliotis, Bruce Worton, Colm O'Brien

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Purpose: The aims of this study were (a) to explore patients self-reported visual disability resulting from glaucoma by means of a questionnaire developed for this purpose; (b) identify activities strongly associated with a measure of visual field loss, (c) to quantify different psychophysical aspects of visual function; (d) to assess the relationship between objective measures of visual function and patients' perception of their vision-related quality of life. Patients and Methods: Three groups of glaucoma patients (n = 47) with mild (n = 18), moderate (n = 19), and severe visual field loss (n = 10) and a group of normal controls (n = 19) underwent a comprehensive clinical examination, completed a questionnaire and, on a separate visit, performed a number of psychophysical tests of visual function. Main Outcome Measures: Questionnaire responses (vision-related quality of life, general health and psychosocial variables), visual acuity, visual fields, Esterman binocular disability scores, contrast sensitivity, critical flicker frequency, color vision, dark adaptation, glare disability (brightness acuity), and stereoacuity scores were measured. Results: Fifteen of the 50 questions were noted to have a strong significant relationship with a measure of visual field loss and were included in a new questionnaire scale, the Glaucoma Quality of Life - 15 (GQL-15). The scale validity showed a significant correlation with perimetric mean deviation (MD) values (r = -0.6; P < 0.0001), the reliability of the scale was high (Cronbach a = 0.95), and test-retest reliability of the questionnaire was strong (r = 0.87). An overall statistically significant decrease in performance-related quality of life was noted between normal subjects and all groups of glaucoma patients. A significant relationship was found between the scale questionnaire summary performance measure and a number of psychophysical tests: Pelli-Robson contrast sensitivity (r = -0.45, P < 0.001), glare disability (r = -0.41, P < 0.001), Esterman binocular visual field test (r = -0.39, P < 0.001), dark adaptation (r = 0.34, P = 0.007), and stereopsis (r = 0.26, P = 0.04). Conclusion: Perceived visual disability relating to certain tasks (particularly involving dark adaptation and disability glare, activities demanding functional peripheral vision such us tripping over and bumping into objects and outdoor mobility tasks) was significantly associated with the severity of binocular visual field loss. As a result, a new glaucoma-specific questionnaire scale with good performance characteristics is presented in this study. The difficulties encountered by patients in everyday life (as measured with the questionnaire) were also mirrored in their performance on a number of psychophysical tests, especially contrast sensitivity, glare disability, Esterman binocular visual field test, and dark adaptation.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)139-150
    Number of pages12
    JournalJournal of Glaucoma
    Volume12
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Apr 2003

    Fingerprint

    Glaucoma
    Quality of Life
    Glare
    Dark Adaptation
    Visual Fields
    Contrast Sensitivity
    Visual Field Tests
    Depth Perception
    Color Vision
    Surveys and Questionnaires
    Reproducibility of Results
    Visual Acuity
    Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
    Control Groups

    Keywords

    • Glaucoma
    • Glaucoma-specific questionnaire
    • Psychophysical assessment of visual function
    • Quality of life
    • Visual disability

    Cite this

    Nelson, Patricia ; Aspinall, Peter ; Papasouliotis, Orestis ; Worton, Bruce ; O'Brien, Colm. / Quality of life in glaucoma and its relationship with visual function. In: Journal of Glaucoma. 2003 ; Vol. 12, No. 2. pp. 139-150.
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    Quality of life in glaucoma and its relationship with visual function. / Nelson, Patricia; Aspinall, Peter; Papasouliotis, Orestis; Worton, Bruce; O'Brien, Colm.

    In: Journal of Glaucoma, Vol. 12, No. 2, 04.2003, p. 139-150.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    T1 - Quality of life in glaucoma and its relationship with visual function

    AU - Nelson, Patricia

    AU - Aspinall, Peter

    AU - Papasouliotis, Orestis

    AU - Worton, Bruce

    AU - O'Brien, Colm

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    N2 - Purpose: The aims of this study were (a) to explore patients self-reported visual disability resulting from glaucoma by means of a questionnaire developed for this purpose; (b) identify activities strongly associated with a measure of visual field loss, (c) to quantify different psychophysical aspects of visual function; (d) to assess the relationship between objective measures of visual function and patients' perception of their vision-related quality of life. Patients and Methods: Three groups of glaucoma patients (n = 47) with mild (n = 18), moderate (n = 19), and severe visual field loss (n = 10) and a group of normal controls (n = 19) underwent a comprehensive clinical examination, completed a questionnaire and, on a separate visit, performed a number of psychophysical tests of visual function. Main Outcome Measures: Questionnaire responses (vision-related quality of life, general health and psychosocial variables), visual acuity, visual fields, Esterman binocular disability scores, contrast sensitivity, critical flicker frequency, color vision, dark adaptation, glare disability (brightness acuity), and stereoacuity scores were measured. Results: Fifteen of the 50 questions were noted to have a strong significant relationship with a measure of visual field loss and were included in a new questionnaire scale, the Glaucoma Quality of Life - 15 (GQL-15). The scale validity showed a significant correlation with perimetric mean deviation (MD) values (r = -0.6; P < 0.0001), the reliability of the scale was high (Cronbach a = 0.95), and test-retest reliability of the questionnaire was strong (r = 0.87). An overall statistically significant decrease in performance-related quality of life was noted between normal subjects and all groups of glaucoma patients. A significant relationship was found between the scale questionnaire summary performance measure and a number of psychophysical tests: Pelli-Robson contrast sensitivity (r = -0.45, P < 0.001), glare disability (r = -0.41, P < 0.001), Esterman binocular visual field test (r = -0.39, P < 0.001), dark adaptation (r = 0.34, P = 0.007), and stereopsis (r = 0.26, P = 0.04). Conclusion: Perceived visual disability relating to certain tasks (particularly involving dark adaptation and disability glare, activities demanding functional peripheral vision such us tripping over and bumping into objects and outdoor mobility tasks) was significantly associated with the severity of binocular visual field loss. As a result, a new glaucoma-specific questionnaire scale with good performance characteristics is presented in this study. The difficulties encountered by patients in everyday life (as measured with the questionnaire) were also mirrored in their performance on a number of psychophysical tests, especially contrast sensitivity, glare disability, Esterman binocular visual field test, and dark adaptation.

    AB - Purpose: The aims of this study were (a) to explore patients self-reported visual disability resulting from glaucoma by means of a questionnaire developed for this purpose; (b) identify activities strongly associated with a measure of visual field loss, (c) to quantify different psychophysical aspects of visual function; (d) to assess the relationship between objective measures of visual function and patients' perception of their vision-related quality of life. Patients and Methods: Three groups of glaucoma patients (n = 47) with mild (n = 18), moderate (n = 19), and severe visual field loss (n = 10) and a group of normal controls (n = 19) underwent a comprehensive clinical examination, completed a questionnaire and, on a separate visit, performed a number of psychophysical tests of visual function. Main Outcome Measures: Questionnaire responses (vision-related quality of life, general health and psychosocial variables), visual acuity, visual fields, Esterman binocular disability scores, contrast sensitivity, critical flicker frequency, color vision, dark adaptation, glare disability (brightness acuity), and stereoacuity scores were measured. Results: Fifteen of the 50 questions were noted to have a strong significant relationship with a measure of visual field loss and were included in a new questionnaire scale, the Glaucoma Quality of Life - 15 (GQL-15). The scale validity showed a significant correlation with perimetric mean deviation (MD) values (r = -0.6; P < 0.0001), the reliability of the scale was high (Cronbach a = 0.95), and test-retest reliability of the questionnaire was strong (r = 0.87). An overall statistically significant decrease in performance-related quality of life was noted between normal subjects and all groups of glaucoma patients. A significant relationship was found between the scale questionnaire summary performance measure and a number of psychophysical tests: Pelli-Robson contrast sensitivity (r = -0.45, P < 0.001), glare disability (r = -0.41, P < 0.001), Esterman binocular visual field test (r = -0.39, P < 0.001), dark adaptation (r = 0.34, P = 0.007), and stereopsis (r = 0.26, P = 0.04). Conclusion: Perceived visual disability relating to certain tasks (particularly involving dark adaptation and disability glare, activities demanding functional peripheral vision such us tripping over and bumping into objects and outdoor mobility tasks) was significantly associated with the severity of binocular visual field loss. As a result, a new glaucoma-specific questionnaire scale with good performance characteristics is presented in this study. The difficulties encountered by patients in everyday life (as measured with the questionnaire) were also mirrored in their performance on a number of psychophysical tests, especially contrast sensitivity, glare disability, Esterman binocular visual field test, and dark adaptation.

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    KW - Quality of life

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