Quality of life and psychological distress in portuguese older individuals with tinnitus

Haúla F. Haider, Sara F. Ribeiro, Derek J. Hoare, Graça Fialho, Deborah A. Hall, Marília Antunes, Helena Caria, João Paço

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Tinnitus is the perception of a sound without an external source, often associated with adverse psychological and emotional effects leading to impaired quality of life (QoL). The present study investigated QoL and psychological distress in tinnitus patients and analysed the effects of associated comorbidities. Tonal and speech audiometry, tinnitus assessment, and clinical interviews were obtained from 122 Portuguese individuals (aged from 55 to 75). Portuguese versions of the Brief Symptoms Inventory (BSI), the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form Health Survey (MOS SF-36) and Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI) were used to evaluate psychological distress, health-related QoL, social difficulties and tinnitus severity. The presence of tinnitus was significantly associated with hearing loss. The increases in tinnitus severity were associated with decreases in QoL, particularly regarding MOS SF-36 subscales “perception of health”, “social functioning”, and “mental health”. Regarding BSI, patients with greater tinnitus severity had more severe psychopathology symptoms, measured with scales “Obsessive-compulsive”, “Depression”, “Anxiety”, “Hostility” and “Phobic Anxiety”. Our study supports the notion of the negative impact of increased tinnitus severity on QoL and psychological distress in older adults. Presented data strengthen the importance of a multidisciplinary approach to tinnitus assessment and treatment. View Full-Text.

Original languageEnglish
Article number953
JournalBrain Sciences
Volume11
Issue number7
Early online date20 Jul 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2021

Keywords

  • Psychological distress
  • Quality of life
  • Tinnitus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Quality of life and psychological distress in portuguese older individuals with tinnitus'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this