Quad-Furcated Profiled Horn: The Next Generation Highly Efficient GEO Antenna in Additive Manufacturing

Charalampos Stoumpos, Jean-Philippe Fraysse, George Goussetis, Ronan Sauleau, Hervé Legay

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Abstract

A novel compact and highly efficient dual-polarized horn-like antenna is presented. It exploits a radiating aperture that is fed by four smaller waveguides via a quad-furcated junction. The antenna also comprises the full feed network for the feed waveguides including an integrated 4-way orthomode power divider. Design principles are described in detail and illustrated by means of an example involving an antenna with aperture size of 2.6 λ 0 × 2.6λ 0 ( λ 0 the wavelength at the central frequency of operation) intended primarily for Geostationary Orbit (GEO) satellites. The antenna feed was designed to comply with the Additive Manufacturing rules and exhibits aperture efficiency levels close to the theoretical maximum ones over the entire transmit Ku band (10.7 - 12.75 GHz), while at the same time its profile is highly compact (6.4 λ 0 ). The measured results of a prototype 3D-printed in Selective Laser Melting (SLM) verified experimentally the calculated high aperture efficiency (over 90%). The total antenna feed attains return loss > 19 dB and maximum cross-polarization isolation (XPI) > 24 dB over a bandwidth of 18%. In light of the favorable electrical performances and compact size, the proposed solution constitutes an appealing alternative to profiled (or spline) horns for satellite antenna systems used either as reflector feeds or direct radiating arrays.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)69-82
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Open Journal of Antennas and Propagation
Volume3
Early online date13 Dec 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Keywords

  • Additive manufacturing
  • aperture antenna
  • aperture efficiency
  • dual-polarization
  • excitation network
  • four-way orthomode power division
  • GEO antenna
  • quad-furcated radiating element
  • satellite feeds

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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